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Python Dictionary

Creating Python Dictionary


A dictionary is a data structure allowing to have access to a set of data. It is used to have variables with their correspondences. However, the difference between a dictionary and a list is that the bracket delimiter and the indexes of lists are replaced by braces and keys in dictionaries. To create a dictionary, you need two elements which are the keys and the values separated by a colon. Keys and values can be in different type.There are several methods to build a dictionary. The syntaxes are written as follows:


#create dictionary
dict = {}
#Or 
dict = {'keys':'values', 'keys':'values','keys':'values'}

A key can have values as a list or as a dictionary. In both cases, the creation of the dictionary is done as follows:



#dictionary of dictionairies
dict ={'keys':{'keys': 'values', 'keys':'values', 'keys':'values'}}

#dictionary with value as a list
dict_list={'keys':['...','...','...']}

Verification element in the dictionary


The verification of keys, values in any dictionary is done respectively by these methods. They are written as follows in the lines of code below:

# print Keys
'Keys'in dict 

# Print out value that belong to 'keys'
print(dict['keys'])

Deleting


Delete a key in a dictionary is done in the same way as in a list.

#delete keys
del(dict['keys'])

The method of adding a new element to a dictionary is identical to the method of updating it. The code below illustrates this in detail:


#add new element 
Dict['keys'] ='values'

Merge dictionaries


The merging of two dictionaries is done with .update(). The code below tells us this:



# creating two new dictionary
dict_1 ={}
dict_2 ={}

# merge of dictionaries
dict_1. update (Dict_2)
print(dict_1)

Concrete example


In this practical case, we would create a dictionary and perform the operations seen above. Our dictionary contains information about the price of foodstuffs in Senegal.



#create dictionary
dict_food ={'rice':350, 'oil':150,'sugar':650,'milk':100}

# delete ‘milk’ 
del(dict_food['milk'])

#add new keys
dict_food['corn'] =300
print(dict_food)
output: 
{'rice': 350, 'oil': 150, 'sugar': 650, 'corn': 300}

# another dictionary
dict_sen = {'tomate':1000,'oignon':500,'Pomme de terre':500}

#merging dict_food and dict_sen
dict_food.update(dict_sen)
print(dict_food)
output:
{'rice': 350, 'oil': 150, 'sugar': 650, 'corn': 300, 'tomate': 1000, 'oignon': 500, 'potatos': 500}









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